I believe a notable starting point of Israel as a nation can be traced back to that time when God sent Moses to deliver the children of Israel from Egypt.
“And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. (Exodus 12:1-2)”
God delivered them from Egypt and through Moses they received laws and commandments in preparing them to live in the Promised Land.
Israel as a nation received a special blessings none other nations had. Israel as a nation received the promise of protection and provision from God Almighty who has the absolute final authority over life and death –
“And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them. (Exodus 6:2-3)”
“And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. (Exodus 6:7)”
That promise of provision and protection came with a condition; they must keep their covenant with God through observance of the laws and commandments revealed through Moses.
It was a tough call, but the blessings of God have far better consequences then we can imagine. Israel as a nation was to be a holy nation, a people of righteousness and to be a light to the Gentiles.
We learned from history, the nation of Israel have had their times of blessings and also their times of discipline from God, but I fully agree with what the Apostle Paul said –
“for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable. (Romans 11:29)”
The Apostle Paul who wrote the Epistle of Roman did also confessed that if God be willing he would die for his fellow country men for a good cause, and that God had not rejected Israel.
God’s plan and purpose for Israel as a nation is still valid today.
The first coming of Jesus did NOT change the plan and purpose of God.
Jesus came, died and resurrected from the dead, and that changed the way we understand, or rather should have understood, the plan and purpose of God –
“Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. (Ephesians 2:11-17)”
In the Old Testament, God sent Moses to deliver the children of Israel from slavery and bondage in Egypt, and brought them into the Promised Land.
In the New Covenant, God sent His Son, Jesus, to deliver us, everyone including Jews and Gentiles, from sins and death, to receive eternal life and inherit the kingdom of God.
But when people live in ignorance of sin and unrighteousness, they live in ignorance of their need for salvation and have no clues the plan and purpose of God.
“What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. (Romans 7:7)”
God’s law and commandments through Moses have continued to serve as principle, guide and teacher, that we may find grace and salvation in Jesus, that same Jesus who was crucified on the cross for us, that same Jesus who was raised from the dead, that same Jesus who ascended to heaven in the witness of His Apostles, that same Jesus who shall return in person.
This is the same Jesus of whom Moses himself said –
“The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; (Deuteronomy 18:15)”
“For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. (Acts 3:22)”
“This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear. This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us: (Acts 7:37-38)”
This same Jesus is more than a prophet; He is God’s appointed Messiah for mankind.
And how will Jesus deliver us from death the ultimate enemy of mankind?
Through His promises of eternal life, yes?
But how can we be sure of such promises?
By His own resurrection from the dead –
“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. (Zechariah 12:10)”
When Jesus shall return, He will land on Mount of Olives which is in Jerusalem, and the people of that land will see and remember this is the same Jesus who was crucified on the cross, and behold He is alive!
God’s plan and purpose for the nation of Israel is still unfolding.
God’s plan and purpose for salvation for the whole of mankind through Jesus is still unfolding, and the time of His return is nearer then we can expect –
And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. (Revelation 22:12-14)